Concussion Care | The Orthopedic Institute of New Jersey

An athlete suffers a concussion on the field.

The Concussion Center at The Orthopedic Institute of New Jersey

Under the direction of Dr. Ferheen Shamim, MD, who is a fellowship-trained concussion and sports medicine specialist, The Concussion Center at The Orthopedic Institute of New Jersey offers top-of-the-line evaluation and treatment of concussions. Using a multidisciplinary team approach, Dr. Shamim and our specialists provide comprehensive concussion treatment for patients of all ages and activity levels.

Concussion: An Overview

What is a Concussion?

A concussion is a common traumatic brain injury caused by a blow to the head or direct force to the upper body that is transmitted to the head, resulting in disrupted brain function. As this injury does not cause loss of consciousness in the majority of cases, most people are unaware that they’ve suffered a concussion.

Patients who suffer a concussion are generally athletes in high-contact sports such as football, but may also include victims of automotive accidents or household mishaps. While most concussions are mild with full recovery, those who do not seek medical attention for this condition in a timely manner may be susceptible to delays in recovery. They may even be susceptible to disorders such as second impact syndrome or post-concussion syndrome.

Depending on the injury and the individual, the course of action for treatment may vary. If a concussion is suspected in an athlete, it’s recommended that the athlete receive a medical evaluation from an experienced healthcare professional before returning to the field. In addition, professionals trained specifically in evaluating and managing pediatric concussions should evaluate children and adolescents.

If you suspect you or your child may be suffering from a concussion, contact us today for an evaluation.

Symptoms of a Concussion

The signs and symptoms of a concussion may not be immediately noticeable, and may last days or weeks depending upon the extent of the injury. Signs and symptoms may include:

  • Amnesia surrounding the traumatic event

  • A dazed appearance

  • Confusion or feeling as if in a fog

  • Delayed response to questions

  • Difficulty with concentration

  • Dizziness

  • Fatigue

  • Headache or a feeling of pressure in the head

  • Nausea

  • Ringing in the ears

  • Slurred speech

  • Vomiting

  • Temporary loss of consciousness

Testing and Diagnosis

Neurological Examination

After taking a detailed medical history and receiving a detailed report of the incident, our specialists will perform a neurological examination to assess:

  • Balance

  • Coordination

  • Hearing

  • Reflexes

  • Strength and sensation

  • Vision

Cognitive Testing

Tests regarding a patient’s cognitive ability are also conducted during the neurological examination to evaluate factors including:

  • Ability to recall information

  • Concentration

  • Memory

Imaging Tests

Diagnostic imaging may be used for patients whose symptoms may be worsening with time. A cranial computerized tomography (CT) scan may be used to determine an injury by creating cross-sectional images of the brain. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) will determine whether bleeding or swelling has occurred in the skull.

Concussion Baseline Testing

Before exposure to training or competition, athletes may participate in a preventative measure called baseline testing prior to a sport season. In the event of a season concussion, a post-injury test is taken and scores are compared to the preseason test to see whether a concussion has occurred. Without the baseline test, a post injury concussion assessment score will only be compared to that of a general population rather than the more personalized scores of the individual.

Baseline testing is a computer-based assessment that takes about 30-45 minutes. It may be administered for individual athletes as well as groups and it can be conducted anywhere.

At The Orthopedic Institute of New Jersey, baseline testing can be conducted by appointment.

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Under the direction of Dr. Ferheen Shamim, MD, who is double board certified in internal medicine and sports medicine with a concentration in non-operative orthopedics, The Concussion Center at The Orthopedic Institute of New Jersey offers a second-to-none evaluation and treatment of concussions.

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At The Orthopedic Institute of New Jersey, we firmly believe in exploring and exhausting all non-operative treatment options before considering surgery.

At The Orthopedic Institute of New Jersey, our licensed and certified therapists offer occupational hand therapy as a physical therapy subspecialty, providing comprehensive hand care.

Using the latest in diagnostic testing and minimally invasive techniques, our specialized surgeons will restore motion and function for adult, adolescent and pediatric patients of all activity levels with minimal downtime.

Designed exclusively for orthopedic emergencies, our urgent care has walk-in hours with no appointment required for immediate orthopedic needs that are non life-threatening.

At The Orthopedic Institute of New Jersey, we understand that both acute and chronic pain can keep you from doing the things you want and need to do. We provide complete care and management of your pain, so you can resume your daily activities.

At The Orthopedic Institute of New Jersey, our team of licensed and certified physical therapists and athletic trainers work with our dedicated physicians using the latest techniques to help our patients restore motion and function as quickly and efficiently as possible.

In our state-of-the-art facility, our experienced physicians utilize various testing methods and equipment to provide an effective diagnosis, allowing for the creation of a customized treatment plan to fit the individualized needs of you and your family.

Meet Our Specialist

Dr. Ferheen Shamim, MD

Orthopedic Physician

Dr. Ferheen Shamim, MD is a sports medicine physician with The Orthopedic Institute of New Jersey. Board certified by the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

More Information

To learn more about our comprehensive services, contact us, or to make an appointment with one of our specialists, fill out the appointment form to the right.

The Orthopedic Institute of New Jersey is a premier multi-disciplinary center offering complete orthopedic care, rehabilitation and pain management services to patients of all ages and activity levels using a customized treatment plan to fit individual needs.

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